Philadelphia health officials are investigating the second case of the monkey

Digital color electron microscopy (EM) image depicting a monkey virus (virus particle), published on June 6, 2022. (Photo via Smith Collection / Gado / Getty Images)

Philadelphia health officials are investigating a second case of a city monkey after a resident tested positive for orthopox virus.

The Philadelphia Department of Health said Wednesday that a Philadelphia resident was seen in an out-of-town clinic and that there is currently no link between the safe case and the first case of the city monkey.

The health department reported the possible case Tuesday morning, according to a statement. As the resident underwent out-of-town testing, the Pennsylvania Department of Health is coordinating the report and testing.

Officials said the neighbor is working with the health department to identify any contacts that may be revealed. The health department will contact these people directly, according to a note.

The health department stressed that the risk of catching the monkey remains “very low”. Philadelphia Public Health Acute Disease Program Manager Dana Perella said the monkey is “much more contagious than COVID-19, especially when symptoms require prompt attention.”

Monkeypox? What is that?

According to officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the monkey is infected with a virus of the same genus as the virus that causes the smallpox.

Monkeypox, according to the CDC, was first discovered in 1958 after two outbreaks of a pox-like disease in monkeys that were kept for research.

The first human case of the disease was registered in a country now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970, when a major effort was made to remove the smallpox. Since then, the disease has spread to several countries in central and western Africa. Cases have also been reported in the US, as well as in several countries in Asia, the Middle East and Europe.

What are the symptoms of the monkey?

According to the CDC website, it usually takes seven to 14 days for a person to start feeling the symptoms of the disease, but the incubation period can be between five and 21 days.

The disease, according to the CDC, begins as follows:

  • Sukar
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Back pain
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Fatigue

CDC officials say that within three days of the onset of the fever, the infected person will develop a rash, often starting in the face and spreading to other parts of the body. The eruption will eventually dry up and fall off.

According to the World Health Organization, monkey symptoms usually last for two to four weeks.

Can people die as a result of monkey pox?

According to the WHO, the monkey mortality rate is between zero and 11% in the general population. The rate is higher among young children.

How does it spread?

CDC officials say the monkey spreads when a person comes in contact with the virus from an animal, human, or material infected with the virus.

“The virus enters through broken skin (even if unseen), airways, or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth),” says part of the website.

The CDC’s website says that human-to-human transmission occurs “primarily through large droplets,” but that other human-to-human transmission is “direct contact with body fluids or injury materials and indirect contact with injury material.” for example, through contaminated clothing or clothing. ‘

How did it get to the US?

According to Massachusetts health officials, the case of the state monkey involved an adult man who recently traveled to Canada. Since then, monkey pox has been detected in ten U.S. states, including Pennsylvania.

In Portugal, officials from the country’s General Directorate of Health said they were investigating 15 suspected cases of the monkey identified in May, near Lisbon.

Great Britain, on the other hand, reported three monkeys in the past, two people living in the same house and a third who had traveled to Nigeria.

Have we seen monkey pox cases in the US before?

According to the CDC, the first monkey case occurred in the U.S. in 2003, when 47 of the six states were confirmed and reported as probable: Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

“In this incident, all the people infected with the monkey became ill after coming into contact with the prairie dog. The animals became infected after being next to small mammals imported from Ghana,” a part of the website read.

According to officials, investigators later determined that a shipment of animals from Ghana to Texas introduced the monkey to the U.S. in April 2003.

After its 2003 appearance, in 2021 two cases of a human monkey were reported. In both cases, the infected person came to the United States from Nigeria.

CDC officials say the monkey does not occur naturally in the United States

What can I do to avoid being a monkey?

CDC officials have the following tips on how to prevent monkey infection. Among others:

  • Avoid contact with animals that can catch the virus, including sick animals, or animals that have been found dead in areas where monkey pox occurs.
  • Avoid contact with any material that has been in contact with a sick animal, such as a bed.
  • Isolate infected people from others who may be at risk of infection
  • Practice proper hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans, such as washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Use personal protective equipment (PPE) to care for patients.

Is there any treatment for the monkey?

CDC officials said there is currently no safe treatment for the monkey.

Is there a monkey vaccine?

Yes.

According to the CDC, the Jynneos vaccine, also known as Imvamune or Imvanex, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to prevent the monkey.

According to the Military Health System website, Jynneos was approved by the FDA in September 2019. In a statement issued by the Bavarian Nordic, the vaccine is based on a virus that is not able to replicate inside a human body, but is still capable of being launched. immune response.

WHO officials said, however, that the vaccine was not widely available.

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